Monday, July 25, 2016

Shift right: Monitoring made easy

    It is all about reliability and scalability. While one of our servers may go down, the application can’t, so testing has to be in real time. Mainly we are looking at two KPIs functionality and performance. Most importantly, we also have a real-time feedback to raise issues that might not be detected by the previous testing or tools. With TestOps raising, testing in production becomes an essential piece of our overall quality plan.
    Many companies are already giving a lot of attention to the Shift-left transformation, but I also think that making a Shift-right with proactive monitoring and alerting after our releases into the wild is just as important. A while ago I did a similar task, but using NewRelic Synthetics.
    There are enough tools and platforms into the Open source stack to actually do it by ourselves very quickly and easy. This particular implementation is more of a suggestion and I’m sure you can do it with your own toolbox. The architecture is really quite simple, but backed up by the powerful IaC concept.  



    I prefer to use three types of monitors:

  •          Ping: simply check to see if an application is online. It uses a HTTP client to make requests to our service.
  •           API: the HTTP client is not a full browser, and does not execute JavaScript. Used to monitor our API endpoints. This can ensure that our app server works, in addition to the website.
  •           Virtual browser: used for more sophisticated, customized monitoring. With these monitors, we can set up a monitor that navigates our website and ensures specific resources are present.


    The central part is dedicated to the engine, which is composed via Jenkins, Docker and GitLab. Deciding what (cloud) servers should be used is all on you. Integrating those three is really straightforward. Major benefits are powerful execution, clean environments and a central repository. Alerts are via email, thanks to the Jenkins build-in functionality.
    For the first two types of the monitors we need a REST client like Postman. With this tool we can easily create and organize our tests in collections. The execution and reporting are handled by Newman. We can output the results in html, JSON and xml. The last one is JUnit formatted, so this can be plugged into Jenkins dashboards.
   In order to get a virtual browser, we will need a separate container with nodeJS, xvfb and browsers on it. I use my own Dockerfiles to build the containers I need. Turns out sometimes it is better to have a custom solution. The orchestration of our containers is done via Docker Swarm

    That’s all. Thanks for reading.


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